Tyres are an essential component of any vehicle, and they play a vital role in the overall performance and safety of the vehicle. A tyre is a ring-shaped element that surrounds a wheel’s borderline to transfer a vehicle’s load from the axle through the wheel to the ground and to provide traction on the surface over which the wheel goes on. They are made up of various materials and chemical compounds, and each type has its own technology and design, making them unique in their function and performance.

Structure of Tyres

Tyres’ components are grouped into two main structural elements: the tread and belt assembly and the casing. The tread and belt assembly provide traction and support for the vehicle, while the casing supports the weight of the vehicle and maintains the tyre’s shape.

Types of Tyres

Tyres for different types of vehicles vary based on their usage and features. There are Tyres for passenger cars, light trucks, heavy buses, and trucks, and off the road. Each of them has its technology and design, which makes them unique in their function and performance.

Selecting the Right Tyres

The understanding of selecting the proper Tyre is fundamental to know the basics. It is crucial to choose the right Tyre according to your vehicle and usage, such as summer and winter Tyres, to ensure the safety and performance of your vehicle on the road.

Parts of Tyres

Tyres are made up of many different parts, and it is crucial to understand how they work. Some of the essential parts of Tyres are:

– Tyre belts – A rubber-coated layer made of steel, fiberglass, rayon, and other materials located between the tread and plies, holding the plies in place.

– Tyre inner liner – A layer that prevents the airflow in between the Tyre.

– The bead – The edge of a Tyre that sits on the wheel.

– Tyre sipes – Helps to get a good grip on the snowy or wet surface while treading on the road.

– Tyre tread – Allows the Tyre to adapt and grip the road surface, channel water out of the way, and dissipate heat.

– Tyre grooves – A circular groove where the wear indicator bars are located.

– Tyre shoulder – The part of the tread between the tread center and the Tyre sidewall.

– Tyre sidewall – The smooth vertical area located on the side of the Tyre between the edge of the tread and the bead. The height of the sidewall is measured from the wheel rim to the top of the tread, expressed as a percentage of Tyre width.

– Tyre body plies – Used to make a good grip on the road and to strengthen the vehicle’s body load over it.

Tyres are an essential part of a vehicle, and selecting the right Tyre is crucial for the vehicle’s safety and performance. Understanding the different types, functions, and parts of Tyres can help you make an informed decision while selecting the right Tyre for your vehicle.