Tyre care is an essential aspect of vehicle maintenance that directly affects safety, performance, and the overall driving experience. However, there are several common myths and misconceptions surrounding tyre care that can lead to improper maintenance practises and potential risks on the road. In this article, we aim to debunk some of these myths and provide you with accurate information to help you make informed decisions regarding your tyre care.

Myth 1: Tyres should be inflated to the maximum PSI mentioned on the sidewall.

Fact: The PSI value mentioned on the sidewall of a tyre is the maximum limit at which it can be inflated safely. However, it does not mean that your tyres should always be inflated to that specific pressure. The correct tyre pressure for your vehicle can be found on the door jamb, in the owner’s manual, or on the tyre pressure information sticker. It is important to follow these recommended pressure values for optimal performance and safety.


Myth 2: Valve caps prevent air loss from tyres.

Fact: Valve caps are often misunderstood as a means to prevent air loss from tyres. In reality, valve caps are primarily used to protect the valve from dust, water, and mud, preventing contamination and potential damage. While valve caps can help maintain the cleanliness and functionality of the valve, they do not prevent air from escaping through the tyre rubber. Regularly checking and inflating your tyres to the recommended pressure is crucial to ensuring they remain properly inflated.


Myth 3: Lower tyre pressure provides better grip on wet roads.

Fact: Contrary to popular belief, lower tyre pressure does not enhance grip on wet roads. In fact, low tyre pressure can cause the tread and grooves to close, reducing their water dispersal capacity. This increases the risk of hydroplaning and skidding, compromising your safety. It is important to maintain your tyres at the recommended pressure level for optimal performance, especially in wet conditions.


Myth 4: Tyre pressure should be adjusted according to the season.

Fact: Adjusting tyre pressure based on seasons is a common myth that can lead to improper tyre care. Changing tyre pressure with temperature variations can result in uneven wear, overinflation, or underinflation. It is best to follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for tyre pressure, regardless of the season. This ensures that your tyres perform optimally and wear evenly throughout the year.


Myth 5: Tread patterns are only important for dry road handling.

Fact: Tread patterns on tyres serve a crucial purpose beyond dry road handling. They are designed to disperse water, snow, and mud from under the tyre, preventing aquaplaning and loss of traction. Regularly checking and measuring your tyre tread depth using a tread depth gauge or conducting a coin test is essential to ensuring that your tyres have adequate tread depth for optimal performance and safety in various road conditions.


Myth 6: Valve caps prevent tyre wear.

Fact: Valve caps have no impact on tyre wear. Friction, usage, load, speed, and driving habits are the main influences on tire wear. While valve caps are important for maintaining the cleanliness and functionality of the valve, they do not contribute to or prevent tyre wear. To ensure even wear, it is recommended to rotate your tyres every 10,000 km or according to the manufacturer’s recommendation.


Myth 7: Bigger wheels and low-profile tyres improve handling.

Fact: The idea that larger wheels and low-profile tyres automatically improve handling is a misconception. While they may offer better grip and responsiveness on smooth roads, they can also compromise comfort, noise levels, and fuel efficiency. Additionally, low-profile tyres may be more susceptible to damage from potholes and curbs. When choosing tyres, it is important to consider your vehicle’s specifications and your driving needs to ensure the best match for optimal performance and safety.


In conclusion, debunking these common myths about tyre care is crucial for maintaining proper tyre maintenance practises and ensuring safety on the road. By following accurate information and recommendations from manufacturers, you can make informed decisions about tyre pressure, tread depth, rotation, and other essential aspects of tyre care. Regular inspections and adherence to proper maintenance guidelines will help extend the life of your tyres, enhance vehicle performance, and, most importantly, keep you safe during your journeys.